가산명사인지 불가산명사인지 자주 헷갈리는 것들을 모아놓았다.



▶ 가산명사


song 

ex) Kate was singing a song.


battery 

ex) There are no batteries in the radio. 


accident 

ex) It wasn't your fault. It was an accident. 


restaurant 

ex) We went to a very nice restaurant last weekend.

problem 

ex) I wonder if you can help me. I have a problem. 

idea

ex) I like your suggestion. It's a very interesting idea.


interview 

ex) John has an interview for a job tomorrow.


job (work은 불가산 명사)

ex) John has an interview for a job tomorrow.


necklace 목걸이 (어떤 장신구인지 구체적인 경우에는 가산명사인 듯) 

ex) Jane was wearing beautiful necklace. 


decision 

ex) We can't delay much longer. We have to make a decision soon. 


language 

ex) Do you speak any foreign languages? 


headache

ex) I've got a headache. 




▶ 불가산명사


music 

ex) Kate was listening to music. 


electricity 

ex) There is no electricity in this house. 


luck 

ex) It wasn't your fault. It was bad luck. 


jewelry 장신구 

ex) Liz doesn't usually wear jewelry. 


volleyball 배구 (스포츠 종목 이름은 일반적으로 불가산 명사인 듯) 

ex) I like volleyball. 


advice (suggestion은 가산명사)

ex) That's good advice. 

ex) That's a good suggestion. 


baggage(미국식), luggage(영국식) 수하물

ex) We had a lot of baggage. 

ex) Do you have a lot of luggage? 


behavior

ex) His words and behavior weigh heavily with me. 


bread 

ex) I'm going to buy some bread. (be going to는 미리 어떤 것을 하기로 결심한 것을 말할 때 사용한다.)


chaos 혼돈, 혼란

ex) Without rules, people would live in a state of chaos. 


damage 

ex) Eggs are helpful for people who have nerve damage. 


furniture

ex) Where are you going to put all your furniture?


information

ex) Let me know if you need more information. 


news 복수형이 아님. 이 자체로 불가산명사임.

ex) The news was very depressing. 


permission 허락, 허가

ex) You must ask permission for all major expenditure. 


progress 진전, 진척

ex) No appreciable progress has been made in the work. 


scenery 경치, 풍경 (view는 가산 명사)

ex) Scenery changes from season to season. 


traffic 

ex) There was a lot of traffic. 


weather 

ex) It's nice weather today. 


work 일, 직장, 직업 (job은 가산 명사)

ex) I'm looking for work. 





▶ 의미에 따라 가산명사가 되기도, 불가산명사가 되기도 하는 명사들


noise 구체적인 소음을 의미할 때는 가산 명사, 그렇지 않을 때는 불가산명사

ex) Did you hear a noise just now?

ex) I can't work here. There's too much noise. 


paper 신문을 의미할 때는 가산명사, 뭔가를 쓸 종이를 의미할 때는 불가산명사

ex) I bought a paper to read.

ex) I need some paper to write on. 


hair 머리카락 한 올을 의미할 때는 가산명사, 머리에 있는 머리카락 전부를 의미할 때는 불가산명사

ex) There's a hair in my soup. 

ex) You've got very long hair.


room 집에 있는 방을 의미할 때는 가산명사, 공간을 의미할 때는 불가산명사

ex) You can stay with us. There is a spare room. 

ex) You can't sit here. There isn't any room.


experience 내게 일어난 일들을 뜻할 때는 가산명사, 경험을 의미할 때는 불가산명사?

ex) I had some interesting experiences while I was traveling. 

ex) They offered me the job because I had a lot of experience.


coffee, tea, juice, beer 등은 보통 불가산명사이다. 그러나 한 잔의 커피, 두 잔의 커피를 의미할 때 a coffee, two coffees와 같이 사용 가능하다. 

ex) I don't like coffee very much.

ex) Two coffees and an orange juice, please. 



Posted by 톈진난만

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